Bulgarian General Election, July 2021

While anti-establishment parties gained ground in Bulgaria’s second general election this year on Sunday, 11 July 2021, no clear winner has emerged. Following the election in April, no party was able to form a government, resulting in a snap election in which a fragmented parliament was returned by the Bulgarian people.     Political Background of Bulgaria  Bulgaria is a unicameral parliamentary, representative democratic republic, with a National Assembly of 240 members elected…

Bulgarian General Election 2021

Bulgarian parliamentary elections for the National Assembly (‘Narodno sŭbranie’) are held every four years. As a unicameral parliamentary, representative democratic republic, Bulgaria’s assembly has 240 seats, with members elected through a ‘proportional representation’ system across 28 multi-seat constituencies. In this multi-party system, a political party or coalition of parties must gain a minimum of 4% of the national vote to enter the assembly, while…

Spanish General Election, April 2019

On Sunday, 28 April, Spain held its third general election in just over three years. Pedro Sánchez, Prime Minister and leader of the socialist PSOE (Spanish Social Workers Party), called a snap election after his budget was rejected in February.     Background Spain is a parliamentary monarchy, with King Felipe VI serving as the official…