Belgian General Election, May 2019

Sunday, 26 May turned out to be a very eventful day for Belgian politics. Not only did the Belgian electorate select 21 MEPs to represent them in the European Parliament, but voters also took to the polls to elect regional and federal parliaments. Introduction Belgium is a federal constitutional monarchy with elections taking place every…

Spanish General Election, April 2019

On Sunday, 28 April, Spain held its third general election in just over three years. Pedro Sánchez, Prime Minister and leader of the socialist PSOE (Spanish Social Workers Party), called a snap election after his budget was rejected in February.     Background Spain is a parliamentary monarchy, with King Felipe VI serving as the official…

Finnish General Election, April 2019

Introduction  On Friday, 8 March, just one month before Finland’s Parliamentary Elections, Finland’s coalition government collapsed. Prime Minister, Juha Sipilä announced his resignation taking the blame for his government’s inability to reform Finland’s health care and social systems. With one of the most rapidly ageing populations in the world, reform of its health system has…

Brexit’s Three Lanes

Brexit has become a journey as much as a destination. At their emergency summit in Brussels this week, the UK and the 27 remaining EU governments agreed to delay Brexit – for a second time – until 31 October (with some caveats).   This new extension means that the Brexit journey now resembles travelling on a…

Estonian General Election, March 2019

Estonians went to the polls on Sunday, 3 March to elect a new Parliament, known as the Riigikogu. The current opposition centre-right party, Reform, defied pre-election opinion polls, winning 28.8 per cent of the vote and 34 seats (just over a third of the total). Pre-election favourites, Estonia’s current governing centre-left party, Centre, came second,…