The Rule of Law in the EU

At a time when the EU strives to defend the universal value of the rule of law globally, it is being undermined from within. Member States such as Hungary and Poland, have mounted consistent challenges to the rule of law through continued democratic backsliding. This Just the Facts looks at the tools the EU has…

What is Article 16?

The possibility of the UK government triggering Article 16 of the Protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland remains active. This Just the Facts examines Article 16 and what would happen if it was triggered.   Background to the Protocol Brexit presented a major problem to solve: avoiding a hard border on the island of Ireland,…

The Czech General Election 2021

Introduction Parliamentary elections in Czechia were held on Friday 8 and Saturday 9 October. This was the country’s tenth democratic election for the Chamber of Deputies since 1989 and the eighth since becoming an independent state after the dissolution of Czechoslovakia in 1993. The 2021 election produced a major shift, as the ANO party led…

The German General Election 2021

 On Sunday 26 September, Germany went to the polls in the country’s ninth federal election since reunification in 1990, to elect MPs to the Bundestag. It was an election defined by the departure of Angela Merkel after nearly 16 years as Chancellor. The centre-left SPD achieved a slim lead over the centre-right CDU/CSU. It is expected that government formation negotiations will take months following in one of Germany’s most open-ended federal elections in recent years.    Overview of…

HERA – The European Health Emergency preparedness and Response Authority

On 16 September 2021, the European Commission presented plans for a European Health Emergency preparedness and Response Authority (HERA). It will anticipate and respond to health emergencies and significant cross-border health threats by enabling the rapid availability, access and distribution of necessary countermeasures. In this Just the Facts, we look at the key features of…

The State of the European Union 2021

The EU has faced many challenges over the past year including the effects of climate change, the evolving situations in countries such as Belarus and Afghanistan, disputes relating to the Northern Ireland Protocol and the continuing Covid-19 pandemic. These and others, will likely feature in European Commission President, Ursula von der Leyen’s annual State of…